Re: Food for elderly cats
Is there any particular food more suitable to older cats. My cat is 15 years old. She usually eats whiskers cat food, any variety will do, but should I be feeding her anything special now that she's elderly.
Re: Food for elderly cats
g habits, weight and body condition will be helpful when you and your veterinarian determine your cat's specific nutritional requirements and diet.
Nutrient requirements and ability to digest food
As cats age, their metabolism changes and their need for calories decreases. The same is NOT true for cats. Their energy needs stay basically the same throughout adulthood. Obesity is one of the main health problems of middle age (6-8 years of age) cats; it occurs less often by the age of ten, and greatly decreases after that.
Some studies have shown that 'senior' cats do not digest, and thus absorb fat, as well as younger cats. This means that older cats may actually need to consume more fat to get the same amount of energy. The weight and body condition of each individual cat will need to be monitored, and the amount fed should be adjusted accordingly.
The protein needs of cats are higher than the protein needs of many other animals. Inadequate amounts of protein in the diet can impair immune function. Unless the cat has a health condition which would call for protein restriction, an older cat should not be placed on a protein restricted diet.
The level of various vitamins, minerals, and electrolytes may be decreased in older animals who either absorb less of them through the intestinal tract, or lose more of them through the kidneys and urinary tract. Some older animals eat less, such as those with oral disease, and may not receive their daily needs of vitamins and minerals. Some evidence in other species suggest that anti-oxidants such as vitamins A, E, and C (beta-carotene) may play a role in protecting against some normal aging processes. Consult with your veterinarian to determine which supplements may be beneficial for your cat.
Special dietary needs of older cats
Various disease processes may require dietary changes to lessen the effects or progression of the disease. Cats with diabetes mellitus, colitis, constipation, or anal gland disease often benefit from diets with increased dietary fiber. Cats with inflammatory bowel disease and colitis can benefit from diets which have highly digestible sources of protein, fat and carbohydrates. There are special diets available for cats with heart disease; these diets generally have decreased amounts of sodium and increased amounts of the amino acid taurine. Cats with chronic kidney failure should be on diets with highly digestible protein so there are fewer breakdown products which the kidneys are responsible for eliminating in the urine. Cats with dental and oral disease which causes pain on eating hard food, may need to be placed on canned food. Cats with cancer have special dietary needs; increasing omega-3 fatty acids and beta-carotene in the diet are often recommended.
Older cats may not drink sufficient amounts of water which can exacerbate constipation problems and contribute to dehydration in cats with kidney disease. Getting a cat to drink more water may not be easy. Offering more sources of water and adding flavoring to the water may entice some cats to drink more.
Increasing food intake
For a variety of reasons, including certain disease processes, some already finicky cats become even more so as they age. As soon as you find a food they seem to like and buy six more cans of it, they suddenly decide they don't like it any more. You'll soon find yourself with a cupboard full of cat food that you eventually decide to donate to the local animal shelter. To encourage a cat to eat more, you can:
Heat canned or moistened dry food in the microwave to a warm temperature. This will increase the aroma of the food. Be sure to stir the food before feeding it to the cat since microwaves do not always heat uniformly.
Add water from canned tuna, again, to increase the aroma of the food. Ask your veterinarian if your cat can have small amounts of bacon drippings, hamburger grease, clam juice, chicken drippings, or baby food added to her normal diet.
If on dry food, switch to canned food. You may also want to switch to special diets which are high-calorie, nutrient dense, and are made for "stressed" animals. Hill's a/d which is available through your veterinarian is an example of this type of diet.
Feed smaller amounts of food more often. Just as you may suddenly lose your appetite when an overflowing plate of food you could not possibly eat in its entirety is placed in front of you, the same may be true of your cat. By offering only a small amount of food multiple times during the day, your cat may actually increase her total daily intake.
Ensure your cat has a quiet, stress-free place to eat. Be sure younger cats or other pets in the household are not harrassing the older cat when she eats.
If it will not disturb her, pet her and talk softly to her as she eats.
Feed balanced home made diets made with recipes provided by a veterinarian.
Consult with your veterinarian regarding use of appetite stimulants for short-term use.
Cats, as a species, have specific nutritional needs, such as their need for high amounts of protein, the amino acid taurine, and beta-carotene. As cats age, their individual nutritional requirements can vary depending on their age-related changes in body function, disease processes, and behavior. Work with your veterinarian to determine the best diet and feeding approaches for your older cat.
Re: Food for elderly cats
Thank you for your information. The vet has said that my cats perfectly healthy and I make sure she's innoculated, de-fleaed and wormed regularly to keep her in tip top condition. Her feeding habits have changed and she does seem to be eating less. It was a good suggestion to warm to the food slightly and to put tuna water in with the food, I will certainly be trying this. Exercise seems to have gone by the wayside now and she only goes out for a few minutes each day and then come in to sleep. She does have a litter tray now because obviously she's not going out very much, and she has taken to this very well.
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